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Ask the Nutritionist

Welcome to the Ask the Nutritionist page here at! A heartfelt "THANKS" to all of the wonderful moms who have submitted questions.  Below is a selection of questions we have received.  Check back frequently to read what is on the minds of other nursing moms! We hope this information will help to make your breastfeeding experience successful and enjoyable.

Ask the Nutritionist

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Milk Sharing

Are you considering feeding your baby with breast milk donated from another mom? Women have been sharing breast milk for centuries, and this wonderful practice of donating breast milk allows more infants to receive the amazing gift of mother's milk. While there is no reason to be concerned about the safety of using donated breast milk from a trusted source, it is important to keep a few things in mind when making the decision to feed your baby donated milk.

Foremilk and Hindmilk

At the beginning of each feeding, the milk that is immediately available to the baby is called foremilk. This milk is a bit watery, has a slight bluish tint, and serves to satisfy the baby's immediate thirst and provide much needed carbohydrates (among other things). Then, after a few minutes, an increasing amount of fat enters the milk, which makes the milk thicker and more calorie dense. This is called hindmilk. Ideally, a nursing baby will receive both foremilk and hindmilk in the course of a feeding. This ensures that the baby takes in all of the necessary nutrients he/she needs to grow optimally.

Can I eat gassy foods?

When your baby is fussy after nursing, it can certainly cause you to wonder if something you are eating is causing gas or discomfort in your little one. While many nursing moms can eat whatever they want, some moms do find that certain foods cause discomfort in their baby.


What do I do when my baby turns 1?

As your little bundle of joy grows, the nutrient content of your breast milk changes to meet his/her needs. So, rest assured, breast milk will always be the perfect food for your baby.

Check out Nursing Postnatal Breastfeeding Multivitamin

Doctors recommend that nursing moms continue to take a multivitamin while breastfeeding, to ensure that both mom and baby stay healthy. But, most prenatal vitamins do not contain enough of certain key vitamins women need while breastfeeding. Now there are two great dietary supplement options for nursing women: Nursing Blend and Nursing Postnatal!

Meet lactation expert, Dr. Marinelli, MD

I recently had the pleasure of chatting with nationally-recognized lactation expert, Dr. Kathleen Marinelli. Dr. Marinelli is an Associate Professor of Pediatrics at the University of Connecticut School of Medicine, and is a neonatologist and Director of Lactation Support Services at Connecticut Children’s Medical Center in Hartford, CT. When she is not in the classroom or taking care of babies in the NICU (neonatal intensive care unit), she volunteers as the Medical Director of the Mother's Milk Bank of New England. Dr. Marinelli’s commitment to making sure all babies receive human milk is inspiring! Grab your cup of Nursing Time Tea and read on for the highlights of our conversation . . .

How soon can I start pumping?

Pumping breast milk in the first few weeks after delivery can be helpful for stimulating a new mom's breast milk production. But before feeding the expressed breast milk to your baby in a bottle, be sure that breastfeeding is well established so as to avoid nipple confusion.

How much should I be feeding my 7 week old?

It is not always easy to know if your baby is getting enough milk at each feeding. And, if you are working mom that is pumping and storing breast milk for a caregiver to feed to your baby, it can be even trickier to know how much milk your baby will need while you are away. While there is no black and white answer for exactly how much breast milk an infant should be getting at each feeding, read on for some general guidelines.

Alcohol and breast milk

While most doctors recommend eliminating alcohol almost completely during pregnancy, there is really no reason why a nursing mom can not have a beer or glass of wine every now and then. And, how long a nursing mom needs to wait to breastfeed after drinking alcohol depends on the amount of alcohol consumed.

Reestablishing breastfeeding

For a variety of reasons, some new moms discontinue breastfeeding soon after giving birth, and then, weeks or months later, begin to regret this decision and desire to start breastfeeding again. Fortunately, with a bit of perseverance, it is almost always possible to reestablish breastfeeding.